Please use the form on the right to contact us at Ordinary Herbalist.

Thank you.


4588-4610 Lakeshore Dr
Pine Lake, GA
United States


How to be an herbalist every day and every night, living in the world.  Where to start , where to look and how to keep learning herbalism.  What is worth your time and investment.  How to  learn tree identification, how to lead a tree walk. make a tonic herbal formula or a simple herb tea from the tree you can see right now, build muscle or how pick your wild food are all part of the realm of herbalism.  Herbalism honors shamanic journeys as well as scientific research and the countless folk traditions from around the planet.  Local is important, no matter where plant of human origins. Living ordinary life as an herbalist involves physical, mental and spiritual discipline.  



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Herbal Dog

Care of Magical Creatures          Herbal Dog - Resources

 These notes are for educational purposes.  Everyone should work with qualified health practitioners for themselves and for their animal cohorts. I am not a veterinarian nor a doctor.

Books on herbalism for dogs and cats–

The Complete Herbal Book for the Dog; a Handbook of Natural Care and Rearing.  Juliette de Bairacli Levy. 1971 Arco Publishing.   

           Juliette is a legendary British herbalist and has written about all things herbal related to farm.  Her work has an old-school flavor and tone as she relies on herbs that she can/could easily get and not imported herbs whatsoever.  She discusses food for dogs as well as the entire process of raising healthy dogs with a focus on farm dogs. 

All you Ever Wanted to Know About Herbs for Pets.  Mary L. Wulff-Tilford and Gregory L. Tilford.  1999, Bowtie Press.   Ebook available for $16.17usd

          I put off buying this book for much too long.  This is a large and somewhat glossy book but don’t be discouraged by this – it is practical, specific and concrete in its information.  It’s not encyclopedic in scope but is very useful and grounded in herbal support for each system of the body.  This book does discuss cats as well as dogs.  It is generally built around western and easily located herbs and not exotic and imported herbs.  The photographs are excellent as well.

Manual of Natural Veterinary Medicine; Science and Tradition.  Susan Wynn RH(AHG), DVM, Steve Marsden, DVM, Naturopath.  2003, Mosby Press, St Louis MO. 

          This book is heavily weighted toward TCM; it has good explanations of afflictions of both dogs and cats and does in places list western herbs, supplements and homeopathic options but in both assessment and in central herbal protocols it tends to focus around Chinese herbs.  It is useful for the non-TCM herbalist but as it is not inexpensive, it might not be at the top of the useful wish list.

Veterinary Secrets: Natural Health for Dogs and Cats; How Conventional Veterinary Medicine may be Harming Your Pets, and What You Can do About It.  Andrew Jones, DVM

          Dr. Jones is a Canadian veterinarian who, according to him, lost his license to practice due to his relentless insistence on natural remedies.  He has a lot of useful YouTube videos free online but this book goes deeper into food and vaccinations.  This book is worth a read though it would not be my only book.  He is not an herbalist, but has real life experience with dogs and cats and is a good teacher.  He is opposed to many conventional veterinary medical practices.

*Four Paws Five Directions; A guide to Chinese Medicine for Cats and Dogs.   Cheryl Schwartz, DVM. Celestial Arts Publishing, Berkeley CA, USA.  1996.

          This book is useful and even for the non TCM herbal practitioner or student, very much a useful investment at a low cost.   You will learn more about Chinese herbal medicine, but also about dog and cat health.  You can take your dog’s pulse and look at her/ his tongue for clues plus work with the energy meridians for dogs.  While a lot of the herbs are Chinese, there are also lists of supplements, western herbs and dietary support for each condition discussed. *Really useful book!

Homeopathic Care for Cats and Dogs: Small Doses for Small Animals; Don Hamilton DVM. 1999, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley CA.

This book is based on homeopathic remedies.  Homeopathy can be useful as a first aid tool but also for chronic conditions.  The strength of this book is that it explains health conditions of dogs and cats in clear and concise language.  Each system of the body and how it works is explained with specific examples, general care suggestions, assessment keys to look for and danger signs.  Very useful and practical book for pet companions as well as a practicing herbalist practice.


Online Anatomy

  Hill’s Atlas of Veterinary Clinical Anatomy- You can upload and print the entire book free.  - Hill’s also offers free courses in dog/cat nutrition.  Or can buy the book, which is quite worth having. (sometimes it is available on EBay or if you know a sales rep from Hill’s you might find a way to get a copy.)


Dog and Cat First Aid Kit – and daily tools



     Nail clippers

     Magnifying glass

     Tweezers/ needle nose pliers


     Cotton swabs

     Finger toothbrush

     Towel / Syringe, eyedropper or pill dispenser

     Thermometer (optional)

Car – water bowl, water, spare slip on leash, blanket, towels, treats, rescue remedy



Poison antidotes:

     Ipecac syrup (1 teaspoon per 5 # cat)

     Activated charcoal – capsules or loose

     Benadryl capsules/tablets or strips – no dye

     Apple cider vinegar

     Echinacea tincture

     Note: cold packs, tub of cold water…



     Gauze squares – various sizes

     Gauze roll

     Adhesive tape – nonstick to hair

     Nonstick wound pads

     Vet wrap/ elastic bandage



     Fragrance free soap/ shampoo

     Antimicrobial salve or oil – Neem, black walnut, thyme, barberry, mahonia

     Antifungal salve or oil


     Herbal liniment/ anti-inflammatory

     Spray nervines – catnip simple/ valerian,  



Internal use

     Flower remedy (also external use)



     Antiseptics and antifungals

     Unsalted broth

     Salted broth

     Bottled water


Keep TO GO pack ready for all creatures in event of evacuation

Keep a log of all health issues, vet visits for each dog and cat


FIRST AID Resources:

Poison control ASPCA- Animal Poison Control Center Phone Number: (888) 426-4435

Bach Remedies for animals-

Cat first aid:

Dog first aid:




Delivery systems

Tea – infusion and decoction – water/milk/broth



Alcohol tincture

Spray – as tea, dilute tincture or glycerin

Broth extract/ soup, stew

Juice or blended fresh herbs, smoothies


Oil or butter extract or peanut butter


Molasses, applesauce, potatoes, rice, oatmeal or grain, eggs (cooked)

Honey, date syrup, rice syrup

Topical – clay, oil compress/salve/ointment, wax, infused or decocted herbs, tea, vinegar, spray, aloe + extract or tincture, powder, bath…


herbal dog or cat intake form


Herbalist ______________________________________________


Name _______________________________________age____ M/F_____________

Weight_____________________________ size/build______________________


coat/colors____________spay/ntr?___  vaccine/meds______________________

Companion’s name(s)__________________________________________________

Phone_____________email___________(can leave message?)_________________


Vet or other healthcare___________________________________________________________

Health history________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

Diet______________________________                                allergies___________________________


Current health issues/ symptoms and concerns_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Time of best/worst symptoms________

Triggers for symptoms_________________________


What gives ease________________________________________________________________

What does human companion think? ________________________________________________________________________________________________

Any test results_____________________





Pulse rapid >180 _______slow - 80_______________________

Warm/cold           moist/dry         tense/relaxed

Gait______           Mood changes_________

Respiration/ panting________________


Coat and skin ______________________

Suggestions ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­and Protocol   ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Non-verbal assessments

     General: movement, attitude,

                      Visual – head, ears, nose, panting, breath, tail, gums, teeth, chin

                                     Coat, skin, paws, eyes, tongue

                       Sounds – breathing

                       Smell - ears, mouth, skin, paws

                       Touch – sensitive areas, quality of fur and of skin.  Paw pads, knees, body


Follow-up Notes: Cat and Dog – note all changes from original meeting, you may want food and activity journal -

Keep ongoing health notes on all companion creatures


DOG / CAT Generally SAFE (always check for pregnancy and nursing recommendations, as well as individual allergies)  If possible begin with low dose and increase over a few days, watching for any reactions.

Alfalfa – cancer prevention, arthritis, growing puppies

Aloe – topical – use leaf or buy JUST aloe, not dyed or fragranced sunburn stuff

Basil/ tulsi – anti-viral, anti-microbial, digestive, antifungal, fresh chopped on food

Burdock – arthritis, liver, immune, skin, back problems

Calendula – skin (not internal for pregnancy)

Catnip – nervine, motion sickness, carminative

Cayenne – heart, nerves, arthritis – use caution

Chamomile – calms hyperactivity, GI, topical

Comfrey – use with caution PA/ topical is often helpful but not on puncture wounds

Dandelion – diuretic, liver tonic; flowers for lecithin

Echinacea – immunity, pain, anti-toxin

Eyebright – eye/conjunctivitis, allergic reactions

Flax seed – EFA’s skin and brain, cancer

Garlic- very small amounts but not always optimal

Ginger – GI, circulation, pain and nausea

Ginkgo – circulation

Goldenrod – respiratory, urinary

Ground ivy – mild digestive aid, gradual heavy metal and chemical detox

Hibiscus – cooling, hydrating.

Licorice – cough, Addison’s, skin, anti-viral

Magnesium- calming

Mallows – emollient, demulcent

Milk thistle – liver, pancreatitis, leptospirosis

Mullein leaf – respiratory, cough: Root – back

Neem – leaf – (not in pregnancy), topical for fungal, antimicrobial, parasite

Neem oil – dilute in salves as support for healing wounds, bruises, fungal issues including ear, mites, mange – avoid during pregnancy

Nettle – allergies, anemia, rinse for skin, powdered leaf nutritional supplement

Oats – nutrition, nervine, demulcent/ oatstraw - oatmeal

Oat, milky - relaxant

Okra – emollient, fiber, cooling

Parsley – UTI

Peppermint – radio-protective, no reported toxicity but avoid very high doses.

Red clover – skin, coughs, cancers

Rose – mild astringent

Rosemary – high in iron, anti-oxidant, warming, ptsd

Sage – gingivitis

St. J’s wort – gloom, skin conditions

Sarsaparilla – dry skin, arthritic conditions.

Skullcap – anti-epileptic, relaxant, calming, anodyne

Slippery elm- demulcent

Valerian- sedative

Violet leaf – topical base for dry skin conditions. Internal as moist lymph support – excess can cause diarrhea

Yellow dock – tonic, liver tonic, digestive/ moderation


AVOID – And ANY undiluted essential oils directly on skin. Avoid avocado oil, ephedra, long term use of yucca or comfrey, large doses of garlic (more than .5% of body weight), -totally avoid eo of pennyroyal, parsley, basil, nutmeg.  Raw egg white, any part of avocado, chocolate, green tea


CATS avoid all OTC NSAIDS or herb or product with salicylic acid -toxic to cats including willow, black haw, meadowsweet, poplar, black birch, aspirin. ALSO, any herbs with Pyrrolizidine alkaloids. List of toxic plants at end of this file.


DOGS- Tylenol is particularly toxic but they generally can metabolize aspirin and salicylic herbs. 


   Basic materia medica with some details -


Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) Pea family: dried leaves, stems, flower buds

     Nutritive, anti-inflam, antioxidant, diuretic, cancer preventative properties

     Strongest affinities: muscular-skeletal system, digestive tract, liver

     Saponins – can help absorption of fats and oils.

Caution: too much fresh alfalfa hay can cause colic for horses/rabbits. Harvest before flowering as seeds can be harmful.  Moderate amounts for anemia – only.


Aloe (Aloe spp.) Lily family.  Gel or juice of leaf

     External use – all skin irritations, hot spots, stings.  For cats research shows effective in trials against FeLV, and against some cancer in dogs. 

     Internal –  it is cathartic/laxative. Use caution


Arnica (Arnica spp.) Sunflower family. Use entire above ground herb  TOPICAL

     Bruises, closed tissue injuries, sprains, contusions, dilates blood vessels and moves lymph

     Tincture or homeopathic gel – use enough topically to moisten skin

     Not on broken skin – look at carrier for homeopathic


Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceous) (Huang qi)  roots (3 years old or older)

     Affinities: immune system, heart, digestive, kidneys, liver, lungs, thyroid

     Form: tincture, infusion, decoction

     Actions:  immune stimulant, antiviral, anti-inflam, mild hypothyroid, hypotensive, alterative, digestive tonic, raise white cell count/ T cell count.  Good for strengthening respiratory system    especially against viruses -  and liver support specifically useful with or after steroid use – up to 20 drops per 20 pounds tid alcohol tincture

Good for infections of the heart – easy to grow from seed


Black walnut (Juglans nigra) Walnut family

     Parts:  green hulls, black hulls, nutmeats, leaves – probably safest effective herbal wormer, but nonetheless has enough risk to avoid if possible.  Treats symptoms and as holistic herbalists we want to also address and improve immune and digestive health.  Don’t keep worming!


Borage (Borago officinalis)

     PA’s - Adrenal stimulant, galactagogue, expectorant, anti-inflam, mild nervine, diuretic.

     GLA addresses essential fatty acid deficiencies – dull coat, atopic eczema, itching,

     Licorice or astragalus are stronger adrenal builders


Bugleweed (Lycopus spp.) Mint family

     Parts used: leaves, stem, flowers

     Actions: slows thyroid, mild cardiac sedative, nervine, diuretic, astringent, cough suppressant; strongest affinities – thyroid, heart, nervous system, vascular system

     Delivery: best glycerin or alcohol – taste is not attractive

     Helpful for respiratory dampness but use care if need is to cough


Burdock (Arctium lappa) Sunflower family,  root

     Excellent for long term care – 2.5 oz fresh root = 61 mg calcium, 77 mg phosphorus, 1.4 mg iron, thiamin, riboflavin, fiber

     Liver deficiencies, flaky, oily, inflammatory skin conditions, chronic hot spots

     Arthritis, rheumatoid disorders, KB issues,

     Supports clearing of environmental toxins, cancer causing chemicals

     Combine with dandelion rt, rumex, Oregon grape rt, barberry rt – for liver/alterative.

     After vaccine or chemical exposures + milk thistle or licorice rt

     Leaves steamed or blanched make effective wrap for leg or wound


Calendula (Calendula officinalis) flowers/ skin and mucus membranes

     Solvents – water, oil, glycerin

     Antiinflam, lymph stimulant, vulnerary, antifungal, antibacterial, liver stimulant, emmenagogue

     Candida, fungal infections, (dog, cat, horse, cow, bird)

     Moderate long term use with CATS due slight salicylic acid only in leaf/stem –

     Avoid during pregnancy


Catnip (Nepata cataria) whole herb / primarily digestive and nervous systems

     Anti-spasmodic, carminative, sedative, antiemetic, diuretic, feline-euphoric (80% of cats)

     12-20 drops glycerin extract to precede stressful situations (cats), increase dose for dogs

     Can add leaf or 2 or few drops alcohol tincture to H2O- or make hydrosol; spritzer/spray   combines with valerian

     Good for nervous stomach in dog/cat/human.  Digestive tonic  

     Avoid during pregnancy, avoid eating seeds, avoid EO


Cayenne (Capsicum spp) Nightshade family 

     Rubifacient, vasodilator, hemostat, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, tonic to build and strengthen tissue

     Circulatory stimulant, cold paws, improves lung efficiency

     Excellent at stopping bleeding

     Avoid eyes, lips and nose/ avoid during pregnancy/ very small amounts for sensitive skin


Chamomile, German (Matricatia recutita et al) Sunflower family

     Antispasmodic, carminative, sedative, bitter, expels worms, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory

     Best herb for nervous stress-anxiety related digestive problems and IBD

     Tonic for all smooth muscle tissues – including heart, bladder, back

     Avoid during pregnancy- otherwise very safe

     Slow but very safe to dispel roundworms and whipworms

     Gingivitis – combine with small amount of – thyme, monarda, Mahonia &/or Echinacea

     In water in vaporizer for asthma, allergies, bronchitis.

     Homeopathic for teething puppies


Chaparral (Larrea tridentata) Caltrop family  Not for internal use

     Very good for hand rinse or topical rinse against fungus, amoeba, Strep, salmonella, staph, scabies, mites, mange…

     Do not allow internal consumption


Chickweed (Stellaria media) Pink family

     Safe, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, tonic, moistening, protects mucus membranes

     Digestive tonic,

     Large amounts = laxative effect


Cleavers (Galium aparine) Madder family/ Lymph system, urinary tract, skin.

     Cat FLUTD – feline lower urinary tract disease aka feline urinary syndrome (FUS); safe for long term use. Tonic for chronic low grade kidney inflammation conditions also – thus good for skin conditions – psoriasis and eczema. 

     Cat and dog - .5-1 mil glycerin per 50# weight bid (2x daily) For horses and rabbits use fresh if possible

     Traditionally combine with violet leaf, red clover, aloe, licorice for tumors

     UT combine with corn silk, marshmallow, dog grass etc



Coltsfoot leaf and stem


Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Borage family. Not for cats.

 Above ground parts used

     Affinities: skin, digestion, respiratory

     Actions: wound healing, expectorant, astringent, anti-inflammatory,

     Preparation: water, oil, poultice, salve, fomentation

     Poultice sprains, bruises, fractures, closed tissue injuries

     Internal use – short term due PA/ avoid the root


Corn silk (Zea mays) diuretic, demulcent, cholagogue, astringent, anti-inflammatory

    Chronic inflammation of kidney, bladder, UT; stones – combine with marshmallow

    Incontinence – astringency helps address this


Couch grass/ Dog grass (Agropyron repens) (say “cooch”) rhizomes

     Antimicrobial, astringent, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, demulcent

     Soothing UT tonic – vitamins A and B and silica, - stimulates sodium excretion

     Cooled decoction – directly into mouth

     combines well with burdock and liver tonics



Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) leaf, root, flower

     Liver, gb, GI tract, thus skin

     Dry leaves and crumble into food – or combine with molasses or add to unsalted meat broth – especially for those with digestive problems/ increase absorption,

     Diuretic, liver stimulant, bitter,

     Glycerin or alcohol extract of root – or decoct root (roasted or raw)


Dill (Anethium graveolens) herb/ seeds.  Digestive, carminative

     Fresh, dried, tincture, poultice, tea, glycerin, molasses

     Good for early stages of gingivitis and infections of the mouth; indigestion – after bad or spicy food

     Limonene – flea repellent, mild in dill but good in combination with other herbs


Echinacea (Echinacea spp) antimicrobial, immune stimulant, anti-toxin – all parts of plant

     Cats and dogs – 12-25 drops per day (to start – can increase, based on size and activity)

     Good in clay poultice


Elecampane (Inula helenium) rhizomes: sedative, expectorant,  demulcent, antifungal, dispels worms,

     Specific lung remedy



     Anti-inflammatory, vasodilator, emmenagogue, reduces arthritic inflammation, insecticide


Flax seeds (Linum spp) Alpha linoleic acid, EFA’s Omega 3’s


Garlic (Alium sativum) more is not better


Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) antioxidant, vasodilator, anticoagulant, tonic

     Use leaves just turning yellow in the fall

     Use leaves fresh or tincture, dry leaves keep generally a year


Goldenrod (Solidago spp.) Sunflower family – whole plant including roots

     Tonic, astringent, anti-catarrhal, nephritic, anti-inflammatory, antilithic, fungicidal

     Affinity: respiratory, UT, kidneys

     Avoid with chronic kidney disease as it can stimulate kidneys

     Good for seasonal pollen allergy



     Berberine can lower blood sugar and should not be used during pregnancy

     Look to other berberine herbs if possible


Gotu kola (Centella asiatica)

     Mental clarity, epilepsy; improves circulation and eases arthritic conditions – fomentations, rinse, poultice or 1T infusion per 30# bodyweight. Tincture for cat use .5 ml in food daily.


Gravelroot (Eupatorium purpureum) root (do not use other parts of plant)

     Not a first choice herb in dogs/cats


Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) Berries, flowers, leaf buds and twigs 

   Excellent heart tonic, artery tonic

   Smooth muscle tonic throughout the body

   Regular small doses are effective


Hop (Humulus lupulus) Mulberry family.  Strobiles. 

     Mild but true sedative and hypnotic – better luck with herbivores

     Good for separation anxiety – 10-20 drops in drinking water per quart

     Combine with valerian for strong pain relief

     For nerve damage pain, skullcap, oatstraw or St. J’s wort

     For trembling anxiety combine with passionflower and or skullcap

     Use caution with greyhounds


Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) diuretic, tonic, astringent, mineral tonic

     Healing support for bones, tendons, cartilage, tissue, post-surgery repair

     Prevent bone degeneration; skin coat, claw, tooth degeneration

     Decoct with sugar to extract silica as is poorly water soluble

     Handful of herb + ½ t. sugar – barely cover with water and simmer on low 20 minutes or +

until water is dark green

      UT -combine with corn silk, chickweed, mallow, hibiscus, plantain, cleavers

      Older dogs/cats consider hawthorn, nettle et al in formulation

     Alcohol tincture use 1 mil per 20# body weight 


Juniper (Juniperus spp) berries and needles/ GI, skin, steadies blood sugar, arthritis, edema


Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Pea family. Root.  Adrenal stimulant, immune-stimulant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory

     Corticosteroid actions - also can increase action of steroids meaning lower dose 

     Topical or internal use – cold oil extraction in olive oil

     Effective support for liver disease

     12-20 drops alcohol tincture per 20#


Marshmallow (Althea officinalis) Mallow family

     Alcohol tincture 20% or less due mucilage/ glycerin or tea is more useful


Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) seeds

     Heartworm medication, vaccines, antibiotics – liver protection

     Not for long term daily use but when liver is particularly stressed

Monarda Mint family

     Diaphoretic, carminative, anodyne, antiseptic, antifungal

     Affinity for digestion, gastritis, spastic colon, infusion as skin rinse for itching


Neem – very useful antimicrobial, anti-inflammitory. Not during pregnancy.


Mullein (Verbascum Thapsus et al) leaf, flower, root

     Leaf stops replication of HSV virus – CHV and Feline rhinotracheitis

     Leaf – antimicrobial for topical use

     Flowers – antimicrobial use for ears in particular/ also flea repellent

     Kennel cough – combine with elecampane, white horehound.

     Incontinence – alone or with corn silk, uva ursi,, st J’s wort

     Root- also used for incontinence due to endocrine issues


Nettle (Urtica dioica) leaf -antihistamine, nutritive, tonic, alterative, astringent

     ½ t per meal for cats/ ½ t per pound of food for dogs – dry powdered leaf (or cook with butter)

     Leaf tea for coat – rinse

     Root – prostate enlargement


Oregon Grape root (Mahonia)/ Barberry root (Berberis Japonica) / Yellow root- (Xanthorhiza simplicissima)

     digestive one drop with meal for support for digestive concerns gas, undigested food in stool

     antimicrobial for infection of bladder, kidney, urinary tract – combines with soothing herbs plantain, mallow, slippery elm, couch grass root, (1 part berberine root/ 2 parts demulcent herb)

     liver support – stronger version of dandelion root – use dandelion if vomiting or liver already tender


     conjunctivitis- 4 drops tincture or 8 drops decoction in 1 oz saline solution.

     immune support: combine with Echinacea root 1 pt Mahonia 9 pt Echinacea


Oxeye daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) Sunflower family: leaves and flowers 

     Primary actions – antihistamine (especially leaf) , diuretic, hemostat, insecticide (flowers), antimicrobial

     Antihistamine – seasonal sneezing and allergies – 1t infusion cat/ Dog by weight 1t per 2-#

     Alternative – feverfew

     Caution- test very small amount first.  Some are allergic to this plant


Parsley (Petro selinum): leaf, root, seeds

     Root- anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, specific for gout conditions (Dalmatian) – strong tea of root- cat or dog.  Tincture 1 ml per 30#, tea 1 t per cat. Horses – a few hands full

     Leaf- nutritive, 22 % protein, anemia, sepsis, uterine muscle tonic after giving birth, kidney tonic, digestive tonic, UTI, colic -  fresh leaves can be juiced or put in blender or tinctured.  Add to water or food


Plantain (Plantago

Raspberry (Rubus spp.)

Red clover (Trifolium pratense)

Rose (Rosa spp)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Saint John’s wort (Hypericum perfoliatum)

Shepherd’s purse (Capsella butsa-pastoris) mustard family

Skullcap (Scutellaria laterifolia)

Slippery elm (Ulnus fulva)



     Flower infusion traditional for lung problems and malaria

     Leaf – lowers fever, astringent, diuretic, poultice for stings and scrapes, expectorant –

     Seeds – diuretic, nutritive, expectorant, anti-tussive –


Thyme (Thymus vulgarus)

Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) decoction internal up to 3 days, or external rinse


Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) sedative, nervous system depressant- inhibits GABA breakdown- small doses often over several days


Wormwood (artemesia absinthum) Sunflower family: vermifuge – tapeworms, threadworms, roundworms of dogs, cats, horses, goats, sheep, cattle, humans- Insafe for internal use as per FDA




Essential fatty acids: EFAs – flax seeds, borage seeds, EPO (plant based).  Dull coat, flaky skin, itchy, smelly

Digestive enzymes and probiotics: maximize absorption – for commercial products Vetriscience brand generally reliable or fortiflora.


A (beta carotene) Cats cannot metabolize carotene – need oil based vitamin A in food

Bx  - energy, water soluble, nervous system, fat and protein metabolism.. useful in exhaustion, fatigue, recovery from injury and illness and malnutrition – the body won’t retain B complex so need it daily or every few days unless eating and absorbing B vitamins from meats

Choline: liver, nervous system, fat transport from liver: organ meats, eggs, dandelion flowers

Salt – any food that has salt in top 5 ingredients has too much salt – causes arthritis, edema problems, high bp, cardiovascular diseases. 

Taurine – must for CATS – will not endure heat



     Use 1 part dry uva ursi +3 part H2O by volume and decoct.  Use 1t 1x day and alternate with stronger anti-microbial if needed as well as more gentle astringents.  Also use as a rinse   - 1 cup decoction to 1quart H2O   combines will with thyme, barberry root, Echinacea, neem leaf, sage + for contact dermatitis

     For stones and gravel use weaker astringents and mallows / demulcents, okra, s elm, kudzu

couchgrass rhizome, corn silk, cleavers, raspberry or rose leaf…



This is information regarding Bach flower remedies for animals and can be a useful tool.  I urge everyone to make their own! Use your own plants and trees but in the meantime, these can be quite useful for emotional issues.  Meanwhile go to the website for a simple list of remedies. 




Dog and Cat Recipes – Herbal Formulas -  Remember that you can substitute herbs and do not have to stick totally to these combinations.  This is to get you on the right track, but use care and always start any herbal protocol with small amounts to be sure there is no allergy or reaction. 


General dietary supplement

     Equal parts: spirulina, nettle herb, dandelion leaf, alfalfa, flaxseed pwd.

     This will increase C Bx, A E K, calcium, phosphorus, omega3, fiber.


Severe welts and stings – (Wulff-Tilford) clay 4 oz, ech tincture in alcohol ½ oz,

     Mahonia tincture in alcohol ½ oz. 


Spider - Brown recluse and snake bite (not coral) – lots of vitamin C, echincea, turmeric


Wasp – homeopathis ledum, apis for bee

1st aid oil – for contusions, blunt force trauma –

     Infused oil – yarrow, comfrey, st j’s wort, (can add arnica oil 1 drop per T


Cancers – the original Hoxsey – burdock and red clover  -  you can add dandelion rt, milk thistle, rumex    also slippery elm, mallow, flaxseed, plantain,  = protect urinary and digestive tracts.


Degenerative heart diseases – (dogs need L-Carnatine.  CoQ10 is helpful but use a good brand – up to 1 ml per 20# weight.   Heart tonic – 2 hawthorn

                                                                               2 dandelion leaf

                                                                               1 yarrow herb

                                                                               1 gingko


Urinary – (if not pregnant)  uva ursi (40% tannins) and active against pathogens – staph and e coli, shigella species etc.  precede with alkalinizer if urine is very acidic  (give mullein leaf ½ hour before uva ursi.  (millet/green beans also most yin).

     Use 1 part dry uva ursi +3 parts H2O by volume and decoct.  Use 1t 1x day and alternate with stronger anti-microbial if needed as well as more gentle astringents.  Also use as a rinse   - 1 cup decoction to 1 quart H2O   combines will with thyme, barberry root, echinacea, neem leaf, sage + for contact dermatitis

     For stones and gravel use weaker astringents and mallows, okra, s elm, kudzu

couchgrass, zea mays, cleavers, raspberry or rose leaf…


Struvite crystals or kidney stones in cats, consider 2 weeks canned “prescription” cat food before surgery, if possible.

General Tonic to add to food – use up to 1 teaspoon per pound of food fed daily.

   Equal parts -    spirulina, nettle herb, dandelion leaf alfalfa, flaxseed powder.

                              Grind it all up and add the powder to food.  Or make a cold infusion of the nettles, dandelion leaf and alfalfa herb, then add the spirulina and flax powder.  If the dandelion leaf causes too frequent peeing then back off or remove it.  (note: horsetail will cause this as well, often.)

          This brings protein, vitamin C, B complex (including B12), A, E, K, iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and omega 3 fatty acids. 

Inflammatory bowel diseases - essential to reduce inflammation with demulcent herbs

Use up to 1 mil low-alcohol tincture, or 1 Tablespoons strong tea per day.  (bid = 2x a day)

   2 parts:  slippery elm or plantain, or kudzu root, or okra pods

   1 part:   marshmallow root, or kudzu root, or plantain, or okra pods

   1 part: licorice root

   1 part: fennel seed


Tonic for chronic constipation – supplement diet with high fiber – psyllium husk, flaxseed, cooked and/or canned pumpkin, sweet potato, cooked apples.   Also, fresh chickweed is excellent and soothing.

        2 part: dandelion root (roasted)

        2 part: mallow root

        1 part: Mahonia or barberry root

        1 part: yellow dock root

        1 part fennel seed


Chronic arthritis formula –

       2 parts: alfalfa

       1 part dandelion root

       1 part: parsley root

       1 part: cleavers or calendula herb

For using dry herb use calendula, not cleavers.  1T per 30# dog’s weight, mixed in food.

Tinctures – low alcohol are best.  2-4 mil per 30# weight.  Can add ½ part yarrow if they will eat it.


Arthritis Compress

    3 parts willow bark

    3 parts comfrey leaf (large older ones are lower in pa’s)

    3 parts yarrow (dried)

    1 part (or less) cayenne

Cook the willow bark on low heat 20 minutes, then add other herbs. Add enough hot water to make thick paste.  Check skin often to be sure no problem from cayenne.  Can use as rinse or wrap with towel and let sit.   Can also add clay and make a wonderful mud.  For mud packs you can use alcohol tinctures to good effect.


Human dose (mg/kg) to guinea pig dose (mg/kg) - divide by 4.6 (small dog)
Human dose (mg/kg) to rabbit dose (mg/kg) - divide by 3.1 (medium dog)
Human dose (mg/kg) to dog dose (mg/kg) - divide by 1.8 (large dog)

Km factor is used to convert the mg/kg in to mg/m2 (body weight in to surface area).




Supplemental Foods, Highly recommended with Lyme


1.      Beef bone broth, made from fresh bones. Get from butcher or from meat suppliers at farmers’ market. Also available at The Conscious Carnivore 3236A University Ave, Madison 608-709-1418. Chicken broth is also acceptable, but not store bought. Made from fresh chicken bones or from stewing a whole chicken, removing the meat and cooking the bones longer. Recipes for both below, feed ½ to 1 cup daily.

2.      Great Lakes gelatin powder – mix in with food. Dosage from 2 teaspoons, small dog to 2 tablespoons large dog, daily

3.      Propolis and Echinacea tinctures

4.      Cod liver oil or Omega oil, daily

Beef Bone Broth

5 to 6 pounds of beefy bones and trimmings. Use a variety of beef bones, such as neck bones, shanks, ribs, etc, along with some beef. Trim larger pieces of beef from bones and cut into 1-inch pieces.  

Heat the oven to 400° F.

Put the bones and beef pieces in a large roasting pan. Toss with 2 tablespoons cooking oil.

Roast for 45 minutes, turning a few times so the beef browns evenly. Put the beef and any juice from the roasting pan in a stock pot. Add 3 quarts of water and 5 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar (the vinegar helps to release the minerals from the bones). Put the stockpot on the stove over medium high heat and bring to a boil. Skim off any scum from the top, then reduce heat to the lowest setting and simmer for 3 to 4 hours. You can use a crock-pot by following the instructions below in the chicken broth section.

Strain through cheesecloth lined strainer into a large bowl. Cover and refrigerate until chilled.

Remove the solid fat from the surface (keep if dog is underweight), and ladle into 1, 2 or 4-cup freezer containers or jars leaving about an inch of headspace. Refrigerate and use within 4 days or freeze for up to 3 months.

Chicken Bone Broth

You can save the chicken carcasses from cooking by freezing the bones until you have enough. Cook a whole chicken and remove all the meat.

2 to 3 roasted chicken carcasses (or one turkey carcass). You want approximately 2 pounds of chicken bones. Normally a 2-pound chicken contains slightly less than 1 pound of bones (after the meat is removed). It's not necessary to have exactly the stated weight--ballpark is good enough. If you cook chicken pieces rather than whole chickens, aim for approximately the same weight. You can accumulate chicken bones if you don't have enough to use from one meal. Accumulate a bag of bones in the freezer until you have enough to make a batch of broth. Also, save and add any leftover skin or pan drippings--those add great flavor, and you'll be able to remove any fat they add to the broth. (If the whole carcass is hard to fit into your slow cooker, break/chop it into pieces.).

Apple cider vinegar. This helps leech the nutrients from the chicken bones as they cook; yet it's not enough to be noticeable in the flavor of the broth (don’t use white vinegar). Use a ratio of 1 tablespoon vinegar per pound of bones. You can alter the amount of vinegar accordingly for making a half or double batch of broth. 

Cover and cook on low for 12-24 hours. Rest a wire mesh strainer over a bowl, and pour the cooked liquid through it to remove all of the bits and pieces from the broth.

Remove the solid fat from the surface (keep if dog is underweight), and ladle into 1, 2 or 4-cup freezer containers or jars leaving about an inch of headspace. Refrigerate and use within 4 days or freeze for up to 3 months.


FLEAS and Ticks (mention of commercial products is NOT an endorsement but merely an example from which to learn)

VetriScience natural flea spray Ingredients

Active: Lemongrass Oil 4 % Cinnamon Oil 1 % Sesame Oil 1 % Castor Oil 0.5 %. Inert: Purified Water 93.3 % Vitamin E 0.2 %.

Richard’s Organics flea spray ingredients: Ingredients

Peppermint Oil, Eugenol, Clove Oil, Cedar Oil, Cinnamon Oil, Rosemary Oil, Inert Ingredients. with Natural Ingredients and Pure Essential Oils. Sulfate and Paraben Free.

Flea and tick repellent rinse – oxeye daisy, yarrow

Formula for rinse: 3 part calendula, 1 part celery seeds freshly ground, 1 part mullein flowers (keep away from aquatic animals), 1 part feverfew flowers, 1 part yarrow flowers.  Can add 6-10 drops bitter Orange eo per 8 oz rinse.  Bring all to boil. Let cool. 


Dr Bronner’s lavender or eucalyptus or peppermint soap, any mild cold process soap, Kirk’s castile soap;  Lather up and let sit on dog or horse at least 5 minutes. 


Safe general worming food supplement – combine dry ingredients (holistic support as well)

2 pt unsalted pumpkin seeds raw – ground or whole

1 part fennel seed

1 part yucca root

1 part garlic pwd

Dosage – 1 teaspoon per pound of food per day. 5 days on and 2 days off. If formula is not effective add 1 part Oregon grape root pwd (or Barberry), and 1 part wormwood.


Kennel cough – elecampane root



Dog/Cat online resources

Basic vet school foundational approach to CAT nutrition and feeding:


CAT nutrition, urinary tract stones and infections, simple raw food, illness and much more:

More CAT nutrition reading in depth:


Dr. Jones: See also his many YouTube videos

Dog and Horse acupressure articles and charts -

Cat Lane’s Facebook group - Canine Nutrition and Natural Health

Dental care (skip the peppermint flavor in toothpaste) Good journal overall    

Susan Wynn (TCM holistic vet) articles:


Cat health articles:

Titer vs vaccine

Dog Titer


FREE Chart Herbs for Animals:

Cannabis for dogs and horses

  • dogs, cats, pigs, chickens, monkeys, even rats, all possess the cannabinoid receptors that allow them to respond to THC, so use extra caution and common sense – CBD oil without THC can be useful – avoid any THC


Mainstream vets








dangerous to your dog



Avocado leaves, fruit, seeds and bark may contain a toxic principle known as persin. The Guatemalan variety, a common one found in stores, appears to be the most problematic. Other varieties of avocado can have different degrees of toxic potential.

Avocado is sometimes included in pet foods for nutritional benefit. We would generally not expect avocado meal or oil present in commercial pet foods to pose a hazard to dogs and cats.

Bread Dough

Chocolate, black or green tea

Ethanol (Also Known as Ethyl Alcohol, Grain Alcohol or Drinking Alcohol)

Dogs can consume herbal tinctures in alcohol, although it is often better to use a glycerite or tea if available and realistic.  Consumed with food is better than on an empty stomach. 

Fish – raw salmon or trout

Grapes and Raisins

Kidney failure – even dogs who can eat grapes and be fine one day can have severe problems the next day.  Not worth it.

Macadamia Nuts

Moldy Foods

A wide variety of molds grow on food. Some produce toxins called tremorgenic mycotoxins, which can cause serious or even life-threatening problems. Avoid feeding dogs moldy food. In other words, if you wouldn’t eat it, neither should your dog

Onions and Garlic use moderation!

Xylitol – Totally toxic. Be careful of natural toothpastes and gum



Notes on seizures

Seizures in dogs and cats– herbal and holistic notes

Dogs - possible causes of seizures, convulsions – epilepsy, injury, nervous system disorders

-        hypothermia, poison, low blood sugar, nutritional deficiencies, distemper, intestinal parasites that have entered the bloodstream, tumors, liver or kidney disorders, thyroid imbalances – in older dogs in particular sometimes there is no “known cause”.  Do keep blood sugar levels as steady as possible – and address stress and hydration.


Cats – possible causes – FIP, toxoplasmosis, leukemia, thiamine deficiency or heart disorder.  Note: cats with epilepsy should not have any raw fish because of thiamine breakdown issues


Dogs and Cats - Holistic approaches need to be ongoing to address causes as well as symptoms – there are pharmaceuticals which can help somewhat with symptoms but generally these don’t address root causes


-        Remove all possible toxins from home and environment – household chemicals, aerosols, lead paint, pesticides, fragrances, essential oils and other neurotoxins. Do not use commercial shampoos, soaps, fragranced laundry detergents or fabric softeners, room sprays, oils – ventilate any possible mold areas

-        Natural, whole foods on a regular schedule – low carb, high protein (ketogenic) can be helpful often – avoid grains and legumes – with older dogs frequent smaller meals can help

-        Skullcap (North American) is excellent – powder, glycerin daily

-        Valerian, milky oats, skullcap – equal parts combination is excellent nervous system tonic

-        Melissa, hops, passionflower, ginkgo, rosemary – all have longer term positive effect – not all at once, but find what may be helpful to decrease episodes –

-        Kudzu root – small amounts is nervous system tonic, can have positive effect long term

-        Supplement with omega-3 and Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s) to support healthy nervous system

-        Daily supplement with betaine HCl based on weight

-        Daily taurine supplement – dog or cat

-        Proanthocyanins – just go with apples – granny smith are among the best and you can add cooked ones to food – you can buy pine bark extract but they are quite expensive… blueberry, cranberry also good as are many flavonoids in moderate amounts -  never grapes, raisins or grape seed extract.

-        Flower essence – Vervain or cherry bud or plum flower – read the Bach for pets chart and decide where to begin

-        Rescue remedy rubbed on / in ears during a seizure 


















































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